Original title: 5g annual report card: more than 250000 base stations, more than 36 million users
Recently, China’s 5g business license has been issued for one year.
As the fastest developing and most widely used generation communication technology in the history of telecommunications, 5g is expected to promote all-round economic and social changes. As Wu Hequan, academician of the Chinese Academy of engineering, said, “as the pillar of the new generation of information infrastructure, 5g is the catalyst of information consumption, the fusion of various technologies, and is leading the new infrastructure.”
5g industry becomes a new engine of economic growth
In the past year, China’s 5g industry has shown great potential in stabilizing investment, promoting consumption, helping to upgrade and cultivating new momentum of economic development, and has become a new engine driving China’s economic growth.
In the process of fighting the epidemic and returning to work, many 5g applications have been put on emergency duty, which has made the whole society realize the great value of 5g and placed unprecedented expectations on the development of 5g.
According to the Ministry of industry and information technology, more than 250000 5g base stations have been built in China. It is estimated that by the end of this year, there will be more than 600000 5g base stations, covering all cities above prefecture level.
“As a new type of infrastructure and an important strategic resource to support economic and social development, 5g is the key driving force to promote a new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial change.” Lu chuncong, deputy director of the information and communication administration bureau of the Ministry of industry and information technology, said, “5g plays an increasingly important role in promoting the transformation and upgrading of real economy industries, involving industry, transportation, medical and other industries. At present, more than 400 innovative applications of 5g have been carried out nationwide. More than 600 “5g + industrial Internet” projects are under construction. “
In terms of stable investment, the China information and Communication Research Institute predicts that by 2025, the cumulative investment in domestic 5g network construction will reach 1.2 trillion yuan, and will drive the investment in the upstream and downstream of the industrial chain and various industry applications to exceed 3.5 trillion yuan.
Co construction and sharing is the biggest innovation of 5g construction
The accelerating 5g construction makes China’s telecom operators face unprecedented network construction pressure.
Li Zhengmao, general manager of China Telecom, summarized the difficulty of 5g construction and coverage as three “3” – the number of 5g base stations will be three times more than 4G, the power consumption of a single base station will be three times that of 4G base stations, and the cost of a single base station will be three times that of 4G base stations.
“In the past year, 5g investment has been unprecedented.” Zhang Quan, deputy general manager of China Tower, said, “in order to reduce the cost of network construction and realize rapid deployment, deepening the co construction and sharing has become the consensus of the whole industry. At present, 97% of 5g base stations are built by sharing resources inside and outside the power tower industry. “
In addition to the tower sharing mode based on key supporting facilities, China also extends 5g co construction and sharing to co construction network and sharing frequency.
On September 9, 2019, China Telecom and China Unicom announced the joint construction of 5g access network. In less than nine months, more than 140000 5g base stations have been opened, and a 5g network has been set up in the country in the shortest time.
On May 20 this year, China Mobile and China Radio and television announced 5g co construction and sharing, including network co construction, frequency sharing and content platform sharing. This means that China Mobile has obtained the right to use the 700MHz low-frequency spectrum resources of China Radio and television, which is known as 5g golden band, while China Radio and television relies on China Mobile to have the ability to cover the whole country.
Xin Pengjun, editor in chief of all media, communications industry daily, summed up: “the once” life and death “competitors are strategically paired in the 5g era, breaking through the past insurmountable barriers of technology, frequency and construction. Such a way of construction was unimaginable in the past. “
Change thinking, let 5g really go deep into life
With the acceleration of 5g construction, user growth has become an important indicator for the industry to observe the consumer business of telecom operators.
According to the figures released by the Ministry of industry and information technology, China’s 5g users have exceeded 36 million; according to Wang Zhiqin, vice president of China information and Communication Research Institute, China’s 5g package users have exceeded 73 million. What’s the secret of two user data that are far apart?
In short, not all 5g package users are using 5g network. Compared with 4G package, 5g package has a higher threshold, but it contains more consumer rights, especially traffic rights. Therefore, although many users have handled 5g packages, they are still using 4G mobile phones and 4G networks. It is understood that although 5g mobile phones have been launched in batches, the high price is still the most important reason for consumers to wait and see.
It is difficult for telecom operators to turn 5g package users into real 5g network users. Previously, Yang Jie, chairman of China Mobile, had publicly called for more 5g preferential policies for telecom operators in the fields of Finance and taxation, subsidies and assessment, so as to speed up the solution to the 5g cost problem.
Looking back over the past year, the competition pattern of operators has changed. While continuing to deepen the consumption field, adjusting the business model for the industry market has become a new force for several major telecom operators.
China Telecom has released the industrial Internet open platform to provide services for manufacturing enterprises from three levels of industrial data collection, industrial data middle station and industrial data application; China Mobile is facing 15 sub industries, including industry, agriculture, transportation, energy, health care, education, finance, media and smart city, focusing on building 100 high-quality 5g industry application “model houses”; China Unicom and Shanghai COMAC have jointly built a 5g fully connected factory in the aviation field, which has become a demonstration benchmark.
Wang Zhiqin said: “China’s 5g industry application is gradually from the stage of single business exploration and pilot demonstration to the stage of replication and promotion.”
In this process, on the one hand, they have to experience painful changes in their way of thinking and business model, and on the other hand, they have to solve the business “cognitive differences” with industry customers. Perhaps when these problems are solved one by one, 5g is expected to really go deep and change people’s lives.
(editor in chief: Zhao Chao, LV Qian)