Instinct is the process of people’s automatic reaction. We often call it habit. We have a considerable part of our daily life to cultivate habits. Especially when we are young, the formation of habits often requires a lot of repetitive practice, and our goal is to develop these target actions into automatic habits. However, habit is not our instinct, at least not the main part. To investigate the instinct, we must investigate the formation environment of the instinct, because the construction of the five senses of the living body is matched with the living environment, which is natural selection. Therefore, we mainly investigate the innate instinct of the human body. This kind of instinct is basically before the birth of human beings It’s built into our genes, so it’s the bottom of everyone’s nature, and it’s deeply affecting everyone. < / P > < p > our instinctive consciousness was formed in the jungle environment millions of years ago, and the primary feature of the jungle environment is that you must pay attention to the present as much as possible, whether it is the interests of the present or the threat of the present. Our attention is always in the present. We never have to plan or think about tomorrow, because in the environment where we form our instinct, we don’t need me We think about tomorrow. < / P > < p > all animals are directly driven by instinctive desires, and the main body of human beings is also this part. However, there is something different between human beings and animals, that is, our rational logic. All animals, only man can tell himself through rational logic: “share the bread I have, I can get more bread from others in the future.”. < / P > < p > that is to say, only human beings have the wisdom to face temptation. All animals can’t believe this. All animals eat the immediate interests directly. The less cooperative the animals are, the less they know how to share. Whether they can share or not determines the scale that a group can achieve. < / P > < p > for example, in an experiment to compare the sharing skills of chimpanzees and bonobos, when a bonobo gets food, it will shut the door of the other chimpanzee and open it, so that the other chimpanzee can come and enjoy the food together. However, the chimpanzee will not, and it will finish the food by itself. < / P > < p > chimpanzees and bonobos are the two species closest to human beings, with a genetic identity rate of more than 99%. They evolved independently from humans about 5-8 million years ago. These two species have the highest intelligence among all animals. They can express emotions, grieve when their relatives die, comfort brothers who have lost their relatives, and fight with each other Shout, hug, salute each other, help each other, etc. When they look in the mirror, the chimpanzee can know that the guy in the mirror is not someone else to grab food, but himself. Both chimpanzees and bonobos are group organizations. Chimpanzees are male dominated society. Compared with bonobos’ equal and harmonious society of women’s rights, chimpanzees tend to be violent and less able to share, so the group size is smaller and more unstable. Compared with chimpanzees, the most obvious feature of bonobos is that they know how to share selflessly.
the reason why human society can rule the earth can send spaceships to the universe. The core strength is that the scale of cooperation that human beings can form has reached an unprecedented level. Not only has the system of differentiation and cooperation between the 7 billion 500 million people been realized, but also the essence of all the predecessors can be passed down, and everyone can start without 0. Based on human or the most cutting-edge knowledge, we can continue to move forward, which is the most critical rational model in the human community, which can be iterated and evolved. Therefore, the real value of everyone can only be achieved by participating in the division system of the human community. However, the animal desire of instinctive consciousness hinders the scale of the community. We will find that the lower the animal is, the less cooperative it is. < p > < p > lions are slower than most animals, and their endurance is even worse. Even a single buffalo can’t beat a lion. However, the core of a lion to become the king of the grassland lies in its intermediate position in speed and combat effectiveness, and then evolve in the direction of group cooperation. < / P > < p > and the strength of a buffalo is often three lions, which may not be able to win, but if three are not good, four, five and six will come. If not, the lion will go on. This is the difference between brute force and cooperation. < / P > < p > this is also the real difference between human beings and animals. When you are only covered by instinct, you are no different from animals. It is very difficult to find your own position in this era of wisdom. < p > < p > instinctive desire makes us unconsciously do addition, which makes us unable to focus on an extreme point. In this series of lessons of small retreat, we will find that instinct often appears in the topic, because instinct is really too important, it is the stipulation of the next layer of human nature. < p > < p > human instinct was basically formed in the jungle environment 3 million years ago, that is, when we were a monkey. This is the key to understand some problems. At that time, our rational logic was very little, which was equivalent to the intelligence of a chimpanzee or a baby. Therefore, in the jungle environment, instinct is set for desire. It is born for desire. Like all animals, it is to obtain food and survive in the jungle competition. This is the basic environment for the birth of instinct. As a result, for food purposes, species with greater curiosity can gain greater survival advantages in the jungle, and such genes will be passed down. < / P > < p > this is reflected in our dopamine hormone, which drives us to act. Without dopamine, people have no motivation to act, and there is no emotion or impulse to act. At the same time, it is the most direct and effective way to do something driven by desire from the practical operation of short-term profit. However, the real power of human beings today lies in finding their own subdivision positioning in this huge division of labor system, and then ploughing deeply in that subdivision positioning. This deep ploughing must have an anti instinctive utilitarian purpose. Therefore, it must control the temptation of the present bread, look to the future, and locate the commanding heights of the future, instead of being aroused by the material desires of the present Do invalid addition. At first, culture is to maintain survival, but when the environment changes, culture is harmful. Please remember this sentence of Mr. Wang Dongyue. < / P > < p > instinct was formed in the jungle environment millions of years ago, corresponding to the survival situation of fighting with animals at that time. Today, everyone’s living situation has changed countless times and deteriorated countless times. If we still rely on the instinct desire to connect everything in modern society, we will only lose ourselves in this dazzling materialistic world. < / P > < p > this instinctive tendency towards immediate interests is consolidated and strengthened by emotions. In other words, all matters related to interests in front of us will stimulate our strong emotions. When the human body is doing these immediate things with direct interests, it is pleasant. Therefore, we will choose these projects with pleasure unconsciously. Therefore, driven by this pleasure, we will continue to add, and all the things related to bread at present may be covered by us. We think that we have chosen these things, but in fact, if the choice does not hold up, we will naturally be attracted by these interests. The reality of the jungle environment is that energy is always insufficient. Therefore, the construction of all capabilities follows the principle of minimum action of energy. Even today, the human community has the most powerful power, but its principle of division of labor system is also regulated by the principle of minimum action of energy. < / P > < p > therefore, another construction principle of instinct is to automate everything, but automation is the most difficult. To achieve automation, there is only one way to achieve automation, that is, division of labor, continuous differentiation, differentiation to the smallest, and then cooperation, it is possible to achieve automation, which is why the human body needs up to 40 trillion to 60 trillion human cells and 80 billion brain gods The reason of the meristem cell. < / P > < p > all these cells exist for one purpose, that is, the ultimate differentiation. Each cell can only do an extremely subdivided action when it is differentiated. Then, when we cooperate, the efficiency is the highest and the most energy-saving. This is the basis of instinctive automation. Therefore, 99% of human behaviors are basically compressed into genes through long-term natural selection evolution, and are built into our brain neural network. All our daily actions by default and all the automatic actions we don’t want to think about are basically instinctive automatic processes. We call them habits because they are efficient and energy-saving, We have been cultivating good habits all our life. It really brings convenience to our life, so that we can deal with a lot of affairs in a day, and we will not be down. As mentioned in the previous paragraph, our instinct is basically formed in the jungle environment, and the brain is no exception. Our brain has been basically constructed about 500000 years ago. Therefore, its instinct is not used to process words, and then to think blindly. Because the brain, which accounts for 2% of the body weight, consumes up to 25% of its energy. Therefore, in the jungle environment, our brain is basically constructed, The brain needs automation most. However, today’s environment has changed, and everything we have today is the result of abnormal brain mobilization. The so-called abnormal is that the brains of a small number of social elites have been in abnormal excessive operation since they were young. They constantly think about problems in a certain field. The brain has been in a state of high load for a long time. This state is the result of brain metamorphosis It’s against the jungle environment. < p > < p > in the jungle environment, when going out to look for food, it is basically in the automatic state. When we go back to our homes to rest and sleep, we don’t have to think about planning for tomorrow. Therefore, in fact, we use our brains less often. This is why we have evolved in the jungle for more than 3 million years, and finally we have iterated out the ability of rational logic of the brain from quantitative change to qualitative change. This ability has only begun to develop slowly in recent tens of thousands of years, and human civilization has only been for thousands of years Therefore, the full play of the brain is also < / P > < p > therefore, in almost 99.9% of our daily life, we do not actively use the brain. This is not the default state of the brain, it is determined by the environment hundreds of thousands of years ago. < / P > < p > before we can acquire real wisdom, we must first fully understand what human beings are, what is human nature, what is instinct like, how instinct controls our every move, and how can we get out of the shelter of animal nature