hot wire! China’s core must rise as the country officially says, “five year goal” is determined!

After Huawei’s rise in the 5g field, the United States launched all-round sanctions against Huawei, cutting off the supply of software and hardware, in an attempt to extinguish the flame of China’s march into the high-end science and technology field. < p > < p > on August 17, the US Department of Commerce announced its decision to list 38 Huawei subsidiaries in the entity control list, and at the same time, expand the restrictions on Huawei, and prohibit enterprises using U.S. technology to cooperate with Huawei. < p > < p > I believe many people have heard of it. Earlier this month, Huawei Yu Chengdong regretfully announced that Kirin chips would become out of print due to the US ban in May. It is reported that since the Kirin chip developed by Huawei can not be produced, Huawei has begun to try to meet its own chip demand by purchasing chips from third-party chip companies. < p > < p > Huawei’s chip dilemma has made many Chinese realize that if China’s technology enterprises want to really stand upright, they must realize chip independence, and can not be subject to western countries. In the past year or two, the state has made many efforts to support the domestic semiconductor industry. In the near future, the state has officially announced that it has set a “five-year goal”, clearly pointed out that China’s chip self-sufficiency rate should reach 70% by 2025, so as to solve the problem of being stuck! < / P > < p > the state has officially announced that the “five-year goal” has been set, which is good news! However, it is absolutely not an easy thing to achieve this goal. Relevant data show that in 2019, China’s chip self-sufficiency rate is only 30%. In order to import chips, China spent more than 300 billion US dollars last year, far more than the oil imports. < / P > < p > combined with the data, it is not difficult to find that China’s semiconductor industry is not yet mature, and China’s chip self-sufficiency rate is low, which is a major short board in China’s high-tech field. Now, the state has officially put forward a “five-year goal” to achieve 70% chip self-sufficiency rate by 2025, which fully reflects that China has made up its mind that China chip must rise! Of course, making up your mind is only the first step. For China’s semiconductor industry, the following three problems also need to be overcome urgently. Otherwise, the goal of 70% chip self-sufficiency rate in five years will become empty talk. < / P > < p > first, the device is turned off. The threshold of semiconductor industry is very high, especially in terms of equipment. In the process of chip production, a lot of high-end equipment, such as photolithography, etching machine, CVD and so on, is needed. However, most of these equipment are monopolized by western countries, and the localization rate is very low. If SMIC wants to achieve self-sufficiency rate of more than 70%, then the most important problem is to solve semiconductor equipment, that is, photolithography, etching machine, etc. only by realizing self-produced high-end equipment, can China chip be independent. Second, ecological barrier. The development of domestic semiconductor industry is extremely unbalanced, and the focus is mainly on the industrialization and marketization of chips. Chip development and manufacturing only account for about 20%. This is not conducive to the independence of the domestic semiconductor industry. To achieve independence, we must increase the proportion of chip development and manufacturing, and build an ecological and complete semiconductor industry chain, so as to effectively improve the self-sufficiency rate of domestic chips. Third, cooperation. The semiconductor industry covers too many things. It is difficult for China’s semiconductor industry to grow by relying on some excellent domestic semiconductor enterprises. The breakthrough of semiconductor technology can not only rely on a single force, but also need the cooperation of the whole industry chain. < / P > < p > for example, colleges and universities actively carry out chip R & D and manufacturing experiment activities to improve college students’ understanding of the semiconductor industry, so as to produce excellent semiconductor talents and promote the development of domestic semiconductor industry. Developed a “plug and play” solar power generation scheme, and “5B” won a $12 million round a financing