In 2020, China’s innovation will shine the light of self-reliance and self-improvement

On June 23, the last networking satellite of China’s beidou-3 global satellite navigation system was launched at Xichang Satellite Launch Center. Xinhua News Agency reporter Jiang Hongjing photographed on May 27, members of the 2020 Everest height survey mountaineering team carried out the survey work on the top of Mount Everest. On October 1, the National Space Administration released the flight images of China’s first Mars exploration mission, tianwen-1. Xinhua News Agency < / P > < p > on December 4, China University of science and technology announced that Pan Jianwei and others of the university had successfully built a 76 photon quantum computing prototype “nine chapters”. On December 4, the National Space Administration released photos of chang’e-5 on the lunar surface. Xinhua news agency said that chang’e-5 was successfully launched, completing China’s first journey of sampling and returning extraterrestrial objects; the “nine chapters” of quantum computing prototype machine came out, which means that China’s quantum computing power is leading the world; the “striver” successfully completed the 10000 meter sea trial, marking the new coordinates of China’s manned deep diving One by one, it represents the achievements of China’s most cutting-edge science and technology, which has frequently attracted the global attention and made the world feel the more and more surging vitality of China’s innovation. < / P > < p > in 2020, China’s innovation will always shine the light of self-reliance and self-improvement. It is the independent and self reliant hard work of scientific research workers that has forged the unbreakable quality and confidence of China’s innovation. < / P > < p > the Fifth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China proposed to adhere to the core position of innovation in the overall situation of China’s modernization construction, and take science and technology self-reliance as the strategic support for national development. This is a major strategic plan made by the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi as the core, based on the overall situation and facing the future. < / P > < p > General Secretary Xi has repeatedly stressed that innovation must be taken as the first driving force to lead development, talents as the first resource to support development, and innovation must be placed at the core of national development. On November 12 this year, General Secretary Xi pointed out in his important speech at the celebration meeting of the 30th anniversary of Pudong’s development and opening up: “science and technology has never had such a profound impact on the future and destiny of the country and the happiness and well-being of the people as it does today. China’s economic and social development needs more scientific and technological solutions than ever before, and it also needs to enhance the first driving force of innovation. ” < / P > < p > the “life gate” of the supply chain is in the hands of others. It’s like building a house on the wall of others. No matter how big or beautiful it is, it can’t stand the wind and rain, or even be vulnerable. < / P > < p > on September 11 this year, General Secretary Xi stressed that in the face of fierce international competition and against the background of rising unilateralism and protectionism, we must go out of the innovation path suitable for China’s national conditions, especially put the original innovation ability in a more prominent position, and strive to achieve more breakthroughs from 0 to 1. < / P > < p > “it is hoped that scientists and scientific and technological workers will shoulder their historical responsibilities and continue to advance to the breadth and depth of science and technology in the face of the world’s leading edge of science and technology, the main battlefield of economy, the major needs of the country and the people’s life and health.” General Secretary Xi has put forward the earnest request of “four orientations”. On October 16, when presiding over the 24th collective study of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, General Secretary Xi stressed that the world today is undergoing great changes that have not happened in a century, and scientific and technological innovation is one of the key variables. If we want to take the lead in the crisis and open up a new situation in the changing situation, we must ask for answers from scientific and technological innovation. < / P > < p > “to be rich is great cause, and to be new is Shengde.” Innovation is the first driving force to lead the development, and entrepreneurial innovation activities are the key to promote the development of enterprise innovation. < / P > < p > “to be the first in the world is the quality that needs to be carried forward to overcome risks and challenges and achieve high-quality development.” On July 21, General Secretary Xi pointed out at the entrepreneurs’ forum, “Entrepreneurs should be explorers, organizers and leaders of innovation and development, have the courage to promote the innovation of production organization, technology and market, attach importance to technology research and development and human capital investment, effectively mobilize the creativity of employees, strive to build the enterprise into a strong innovation subject, and realize Nirvana and rebirth in the predicament.” < / P > < p > in the early morning of December 17, 2020, Beijing time, in the cold of – 20 ℃ in Siziwang Banner, Inner Mongolia, people greet a familiar “visitor from outside” with fiery mood. After a thrilling 23 day trip to space, chang’e-5 returned to earth with rocks and soil from the moon. This is a full-time scientific exploration, and also a dauntless exploration with both wisdom and courage. < / P > < p > history has entrusted chang’e-5 with its mission, and chang’e-5 has lived up to expectations. Taking over the baton of the Chinese dream of exploring the moon, chang’e-5 has achieved many “firsts” in China’s space history and even in the history of human space, such as the sampling and takeoff of extraterrestrial objects and the rendezvous and docking of lunar orbit. It has gained valuable scientific samples for the study of the moon and even the planets in the solar system, and also played the final chapter of China’s lunar exploration project “circling, landing and returning” to the moon. Chang’e-5, on behalf of mankind, once again completed the great feat of “digging earth” on the moon after more than 40 years, lighting up countless sleepless nights of astronauts, reflecting the brilliant brilliance of China’s innovation, and stirring up the spontaneous pride of every Chinese. < / P > < p > 8848.86m – this is the latest measured elevation of Mount Qomolangma, known as the “top of the earth”. On December 8, Chinese President Xi Jinping and Nepalese President Ali Bandari exchanged letters to formally announce the figure to the world. < / P > < p > this is the first time that China has returned to Everest height measurement after 15 years. It is also the first time that China and Nepal jointly announced the height of Everest to the world. It is also the most scientific, reliable and innovative height measurement of Everest. < / P > < p > 2020 is the 60th anniversary of the first human ascent of Mount Everest from the north slope. After 60 years of development, a series of high-tech means adopted by the Chinese team in this survey have attracted the attention of the outside world. From Beidou satellite navigation system to 5g technology, from aerial remote sensing to lidar, China’s use of high cutting-edge technology has created many “firsts” and “firsts” in the measurement of Mount Everest. < / P > < p > for example, China’s Beidou satellite navigation system was first applied to calculate the earth height at the top of Mt. Everest, China’s domestic gravimeter was first used to measure the gravity value at the top of Mt. Everest, and China’s first comprehensive application of aerial remote sensing, lidar and satellite remote sensing to study the glacier and real 3D of Mt. Everest The application of a series of advanced measurement technologies is closely related to China’s emphasis on core scientific and technological innovation in recent years. < / P > < p > “the measurement of Mt. Qomolangma involves the use of high and cutting-edge technologies in many aspects, reflecting the rapid development of China’s science and technology, and more condensing the consensus of China’s current efforts to break through the bottleneck of science and technology and master the core technology.” LAN Jianxue, deputy director of the Asia Pacific Institute of the Chinese Academy of international studies, believes that this is in line with China’s current requirements to vigorously enhance its independent innovation capability and break through key core technologies as soon as possible. < / P > < p > while people are still talking about the new data of the altitude of Everest, China’s first Mars exploration mission, tianwen-1, is already on its way to Mars. At 12:41 on July 23, tianwen-1 was launched from the long March-5 yao-4 carrier rocket at Wenchang space launch site. The Mars exploration is the first mission of China’s planetary exploration stage and a new milestone in China’s deep space exploration. It is understood that “tianwen-1” will achieve the three goals of “encircling, landing and inspection” at one time. Its launch marks that China’s space industry has entered the era of deep space. On December 9, the “tianwen-1” Mars probe development team of the Fifth Academy of China Aerospace Science and technology group wrote the first “letter from home” in the tone of “tianwen-1”. According to the letter, everything is well for tianwen-1. Since its launch, tianwen-1 has completed three orbit corrections and one deep space maneuver. It has now flown 350 million kilometers fast, with a distance of 92.5 million kilometers to the earth and 14 million kilometers to Mars. At present, tianwen-1 is running at a speed of about 17.4 km / s to the ground, and will run for more than a month. It is expected that it will be captured by Mars before and after the Spring Festival. < / P > < p > one of the biggest highlights of China’s innovation in 2020 is the emergence of innovative achievements with independent intellectual property rights. Among these innovative achievements, Beidou navigation system, the “China Star” of global navigation, is undoubtedly one of the best cases to show China’s confidence in innovation and self-reliance. < / P > < p > from the start of the project in 1994, to the completion of the construction of Beidou-1 system in 2000, and then to the completion of the construction of beidou-2 system in 2012 The pace of Beidou system construction has been accelerating. At 9:43 on June 23 this year, China successfully launched the 55th navigation satellite of Beidou system and the last global networking satellite of beidou-3 with long march-3b carrier rocket at Xichang Satellite Launch Center. So far, the constellation deployment of beidou-3 has been completed half a year ahead of schedule. On July 31, the completion and opening ceremony of beidou-3 global satellite navigation system was held in Beijing. General Secretary Xi attended the ceremony and announced: “beidou-3 global satellite navigation system has been officially opened!” This indicates that China has built an independent, open and compatible global satellite navigation system, and China’s Beidou has since moved to the stage of serving the world and benefiting mankind. < / P > < p > it is understood that the Beidou global satellite navigation system is a huge complex space system with the largest scale, the widest coverage, the highest service performance and the closest connection with people’s life in China so far. More than 400 research units and more than 300000 scientific research personnel participated in the research and construction jointly performed a symphony of great union, great unity and great cooperation, which gave birth to the new era Beidou spirit of “independent innovation, open integration, unity and pursuit of excellence”. This is another spiritual monument set up by Chinese aerospace people on the journey of building a powerful country in science and technology. It is a valuable spiritual wealth with the spirit of “two bombs and one satellite” and the spirit of manned space flight, which is both continuous and has distinctive characteristics of the times. It encourages the majority of scientific research workers to continue to climb the peak of science and technology and inspires hundreds of millions of people to build the Chinese dream together. < / P > < p > in 2020, the Chinese will not only complete the global networking of the Beidou system, but also leave their footprints deep in the Mariana Trench. At 8:12 on November 10, at the “fourth pole of the earth” – Mariana Trench in the Western Pacific Ocean, the manned deep diving “striver” successfully sat at the bottom of the “Challenger abyss”, with a depth of 10909 meters, setting a new depth record for China’s manned deep diving. Just more than 10 days ago, the “striver” broke through the 10000 meter mark in one fell swoop in the same sea area. The continuous achievements mark the success of the sea trial of China’s 10000 meter class manned submersible “striver”, and also mean that the Chinese can freely reach any depth of the ocean and carry out scientific investigation by driving their own submersible. The success of the “striver” is a major breakthrough in China’s deep-sea equipment and deep-sea technology, which helps us realize the “all sea deep” entry that Chinese scientists dream of. It is worth noting that the 10000 meter manned deep submergence vehicle “striver” is a member of the 5th Central Committee of the 19th CPC Central Committee