Looking into the future of China’s science and technology from the decline and rise of Japanese semiconductor

As a 145 year old Japanese enterprise, Toshiba’s past is undoubtedly brilliant: it was once the representative of “made in Japan”, producing Japan’s first light bulb, first washing machine and first refrigerator; it was also Japan’s largest semiconductor manufacturer, which shocked the world in the field of high technology. However, in recent years, the huge Toshiba Empire has disintegrated. In 2017, Toshiba sold its home appliance business to Hisense for 12.9 billion yen, and then transferred its semiconductor business to the US Consortium for us $17.5 billion. < / P > < p > in 2018, Toshiba announced that it would sell 80.1% of its PC business to sharp for us $36 million, which is now a comprehensive farewell. If you sell it again, Toshiba will have no valuable business…. < / P > < p > throughout the rise and fall of Toshiba Empire, there are many valuable experiences to learn from, especially in the background of China’s scientific and technological breakthrough. In the 1970s, Japan made great efforts to develop the semiconductor industry with the goal of catching up with the United States. At that time, the Japanese government, together with Hitachi, Fujitsu, Toshiba, and other companies, established the strongest semiconductor Corps. All the way, they overcame difficulties and pushed Japanese semiconductors to glory. Japanese made products swept the world, and once surpassed the United States. < p > < p > since 1980, Japan has rapidly captured 30% of the global semiconductor memory market, and reached 80% monopoly position at its peak. Moreover, Japan is not an island country. Its domestic market is limited, and most of its products are sold to the United States. < p > < p > with the rapid influx of semiconductor products from Japan, Americans rushed to investigate. The results showed that the Japanese were too ruthless in R & D, and the quality of their memory chips was far higher than that of Silicon Valley. < p > < p > under the strong impact of Japanese products, the market share of American semiconductor companies has plummeted. Intel once gave up resistance and was almost forced to go bankrupt. If it goes on like this, the whole silicon valley will be ruined by Japan. < / P > < p > there was a big event at that time, which aroused the wrath of the United States. In 1983, Toshiba sold several high-precision machine tools to the Soviet Union without authorization, which greatly reduced the noise of the Soviet nuclear submarines, and the US military could not directly monitor it. After this incident was exposed, the U.S. government was enraged, smashing Japanese goods and starting a fierce semiconductor war. < p > < p > in the late 1980s, the United States attacked Japan’s semiconductor industry crazily, including a total ban and tariff suppression. < p > < p > until the signing of the contract in 1986, Japan’s semiconductor industry, which was the world’s leader, fell like a free fall. The biggest drop in memory chips was from the highest 80% market share to 10%… < / P > < p > in this process, the Japanese semiconductor Corps was mercilessly broken up, and the semiconductor departments of Matsushita, Toshiba, and forstone were sold successively. The era of high light is gone. < p > < p > from the past of Japan semiconductor’s short-term lead over the United States, we can see that we must not be deceived by the illusion of free competition in the United States. When it comes to catching up, the United States must be the first to break the market rules, as is the case with Japanese semiconductor and Huawei 5g. At the same time, it is never too late for science and technology to establish a country, and it is the hard truth to master technology in one’s own hands. There is no shortcut to turning around completely, only by working hard on core technology. < p > < p > at present, the state’s efforts to support the semiconductor industry in an all-round way, and Huawei’s efforts to train talents according to the whole semiconductor industry chain are all preparation for the comprehensive rise in the future. No matter how long it takes and what the result will be, it must be done, and it must be done quickly.

after Japan’s semiconductor was destroyed, the market crash followed by the collapse of the economic bubble and then silence. The 30-year history of Japan was once called “lost”. < / P > < p > when the Nobel Prize in chemistry was announced in 2019, Japanese scientist Takeshi Yosano and two American scientists won awards for lithium battery research and development. At that time, someone counted that Japan won 19 Nobel prizes in 19 years, which can be called Nobel Prize harvester. In 2001, Japan called out the plan of “30 Nobel prizes in 50 years”, and now it has achieved more than half of it. I’m afraid this is not an achievement that a “lost country” can achieve. For example, in July last year, due to some historical reasons, Japan and South Korea had a hard time. South Korea wants to confiscate some Japanese enterprises in South Korea, while Japan has put out a killer to ban three kinds of raw materials in the semiconductor industry in South Korea. In fact, after being beaten up by the United States, Japan retreated to the field of raw materials in the upper reaches of semiconductors, and gave full play to the unique national spirit to eat semiconductor materials thoroughly. According to the data of < / P > < p > in 2019, Japan’s share of the global semiconductor material market will reach 66%. Among the 19 main materials, 14 kinds in Japan accounted for more than 50% of the market. For example, Japan monopolized 70% of the global market share, while Samsung and LG imported 100% of the world’s market share, so they had the strength to attack South Korea. < p > < p > at that time, Japan and the United States were equally equal in the high-tech field with their own efforts. After being beaten up and disabled, they still could retain their strength, which is largely due to their insistence in the bone, that is, the so-called craftsmanship spirit. The same is true for scientific research. For example, the purity of large silicon wafers, the raw material of semiconductors, is measured at 99.9999%. Japan has been improving its purity until it is unmatched in the field of materials. A few days ago, Ren Zhengfei visited four universities, emphasizing the importance of basic scientific research and saying, “I’m glad to see people willing to sit on the bench.”. What are the people who sit on the bench, are not those “craftsmen” who are not well-known and devote themselves to scientific research? In addition, the gap in semiconductor industry is the gap in basic science. From raw material extraction to design and manufacturing, chips are inseparable from basic science such as chemistry and physics. < / P > < p > this is highly positively related to the Nobel Prize. The United States is the country with the largest number of Nobel prizes, and Japan has a speed of 19 years and 19, so they dominate semiconductor design and materials. < p > < p > in contrast, the number of times we have won Nobel prizes is very few. The lack of scientific research and craftsmen on the bench, chips and other high-tech fields are also stuck, this is the gap. If we don’t catch up, it will be too late… < / P > < p > Japan’s science and technology can have today’s status. In addition to craftsmanship, the whole country attaches great importance to science and technology: in 2015, Japan’s overall R & D expenditure was 180 billion US dollars, which is only the same as that of the United States and China. But its R & D expenditure accounts for 3.6% of GDP, far more than that of China and the United States. < / P > < p > and the whole society’s respect for education and knowledge: the inscriptions on the yen are not princes and generals, but people who contribute to science and technology and culture. There’s a reason why the Nuo prize for the land of bullets is soft. After 40 years of opening up, we were proud of our hard work in the first half of the year, but later it changed. First, coal mining in Shanxi, and then real estate speculation by the whole people. No matter how fast money comes, we have to sharpen our heads and dig in.

has accelerated in recent years, and Internet plus, sharing economy, and net live broadcasting are another crop of myth. In this era when you can get more than one billion yuan by putting a bicycle on the road in three years, how can you make those “craftsmen” who are deeply engaged in scientific research feel good= https://twhosting.com/developed-a-plug-and-play-solar-power-generation-scheme-and-5b-won-a-12-million-round-a-financing/ target=_ blank>Developed a “plug and play” solar power generation scheme, and “5B” won a $12 million round a financing

Author: zmhuaxia