The U.S. keeps the leading position of chip, formulates ten-year plan and five major changes

“The U.S. leadership in science and technology is facing increasing challenges from strategic competitors who recognize the benefits of science and technology and organize large amounts of human and capital resources nationwide to play a leading role in areas with long-term consequences.” The United States said so in its latest release. < / P > < p > the “strategic competitor” mentioned in the article has clear direction and is easy to associate. The United States plans to take further actions to reverse this trend. In the report, the United States listed 20 key technologies, including advanced computing, advanced materials, artificial intelligence, biotechnology, aeroengine technology, quantum information and science, semiconductor and microelectronics, as key areas of concern. The second is to prevent foreign competitors from profiting from the Innovation led by the United States and its partners. In addition, it calls for the establishment of a strong export control system to regulate which technologies can be exported overseas. More than 32 emerging technologies have been controlled, and we will continue to evaluate and identify technologies that need to be controlled < p > < p > recently, the global science, technology, defense, and aerospace industry leaders alliance, led by the American Semiconductor Industry Association and the semiconductor research alliance, released a report entitled “semiconductor decade plan”, which identified five major directions for future chip technology, and called on the U.S. government to invest $3.4 billion annually in the next 10 years to fund these five fields Semiconductor R & D. < / P > < p > this report summarizes the successful experience of the U.S. semiconductor industry leading the world as follows: active investment in R & D expenditure. Most of them spend nearly 20% of their operating income on R & D every year, which is second only to the pharmaceutical industry. In addition, the Federal government’s R & D funding for semiconductors has also become a catalyst for private R & D expenditure, ultimately leading the technology 。 < / P > < p > at the same time, it also mentioned the existing challenges and bottlenecks. If the United States wants to maintain its leading position in the semiconductor industry in the next ten years, it must focus on the five major fields of information processing, sensing, communication, storage and hardware security, and give the corresponding goals and action plans. The thinking is ahead of time. The following is a summary of the specific plans, which may be able to give the domestic semiconductor industry a development Some revelations. < / P > < p > perceiving the surrounding environment is the foundation of the next generation of artificial intelligence. The next generation of artificial intelligence devices will have the ability of perception and reasoning. The global machine interface is the core of the current information centered economy. The next wave of advanced manufacturing revolution is expected to come from the next generation of analog driven industrial electronics. < / P > < p > call for action: simulate artificial intelligence platform, brain inspired and layered computing or other solutions to create multimedia for human perception and cognitive systems, which will produce new human centered technologies. In short, cooperative research and establishment of revolutionary models pave the way for the wide application of energy-saving analog integrated circuits in the future. In this decade, analog electronics will be developed every year The investment in the new development path of the product is 600 million US dollars. < / P > < p > with the exponential growth of global data storage, the supply of available silicon only shows linear growth, which requires more resources to support the ongoing data explosion. Today’s storage technology will not be sustainable in the near future. < / P > < p > call for action: make a fundamental breakthrough in storage and data storage, cooperate in research, and provide high-capacity energy-saving memory solutions for wide application in the future, and invest US $750 million each year in the new development track of memory and storage in this decade. < / P > < p > grand goal: to develop new high-density storage and storage carriers, and improve energy efficiency for each level of storage structure; discover storage technologies with & gt; 100x storage density capability, and new storage systems that can take advantage of these technologies. < / P > < p > the gap between the need for world technology information storage and communication capability is widening. The information explosion generated and stored will require the huge growth of cloud storage and communication infrastructure. Although it is possible to transmit the data stored all over the world in less than one year, it is expected that the transmission will take at least 20 years by 2040, which is a worrying trend. < / P > < p > call to action: in order to meet the growing demand, radical progress is needed. For example, cloud technology may undergo major changes, and the focus will be shifted to edge computing and local data storage. In this decade, we will invest $700 million in new communication technologies every year. < / P > < p > grand goal: advanced communication technology can move all stored 100-1000 zettabyte / year data at a peak rate of 1tbps. This communication technology is 100 times faster than the current 5g. < / P > < p > today’s highly interconnected systems and applications need security and privacy. Corporate networks, social networks and autonomous systems are all based on the assumption of reliable and secure communication, but they are also faced with various threats and attacks, from the disclosure of sensitive data to denial of service. < / P > < p > with the emergence of new use cases, new threats and new platforms, the security and privacy fields are undergoing rapid changes. For example, the emergence of quantum computing will bring new threat vectors. Therefore, it is necessary to develop new encryption standards against quantum attacks and consider the impact of these standards on system performance. < / P > < p > call to action: protect weaknesses in machine learning or traditional cryptography, protect the privacy of personal data, and address weaknesses in the supply chain or hardware. Over the past decade, we have invested $600 million annually in new developments in information and communication technology security. < / P > < p > grand goal: to develop security and privacy advances synchronized with technology, new threats and new use cases, such as trusted and secure autonomous and intelligent systems, secure future hardware platforms, and emerging quantum post and distributed cryptography algorithms. The scale of the device is approaching the basic physical limit, and Moore’s law is slowing down. At present, the demand for computing growth exceeds the development of Moore’s law, and people will soon demand a revolutionary change in computer technology. Therefore, the calculation of energy efficiency needs to be fundamentally improved to avoid the “restriction” situation, and the theoretical basis of calculation also needs to be further developed. < / P > < p > call to action and grand goals: new computing methods, such as in memory computing, special purpose computing engines, different artificial intelligence platforms, brain inspired / neural mimicry computing, quantum computing or other solutions, will need to be combined in heterogeneous ways, with an annual investment of $750 million over the past decade to change the trajectory of computing. < / P > < p > the ten-year plan for semiconductor in the United States gives people the deepest feeling of innovation and cutting-edge. Whether it is analog chip, sensor, storage or communication, the grand goal is basically new. Many keywords such as “revolution”, “brand new”, “global” and “world” are used. The implication is that when you are still struggling to catch up on the current track, I have already played To open up a new track, continue to lead. < / P > < p > in addition, we can find that, in addition to data and analysis, the contents of the action plan and grand goals are a bit like slogans, and they are very loud. For the short-term goals that have no effect, they look like slogans. However, if we decompose the goals and act, they will no longer be slogans. Therefore, no country in the world does not chant slogans. < / P > < p > at the same time, we can see that the United States, which has a global semiconductor market share of more than 50%, has a strong sense of crisis. The leaders are not sleeping soundly, but are ambitious. They want to continue to lead. For the latecomers, such a strong and sober opponent has not little pressure but also a sense of crisis. However, it is under this sense of crisis that it has to move forward and accelerate the promotion of science and technology Progress, which is benign, organic in danger, is not all bad. Skip to content