The United States announced that it would set up 12 AI and quantum research institutes to lead the world

On August 26 local time, the White House announced the establishment of 12 institutions specialized in artificial intelligence and quantum information science. The National Science Foundation, the Department of Homeland Security and the Department of energy have pledged to invest in these AI and quantum computing centers. On the same day, NSF announced that it would invest more than $100 million to establish five Artificial Intelligence Institutes, each of which would receive about $20 million in support within five years. In addition, the U.S. Department of agriculture will support two of the Department’s research institutes with a grant of $40 million. < / P > < p > one of the institutes, the NSF AI Institute of artificial intelligence and basic interactions, will be led by the nuclear science laboratory at MIT. “The goal of iaifi is to directly integrate the transformational thinking of physical intelligence based on artificial intelligence and develop the next generation of AI technology,” said Jesse taler, associate professor of physics at MIT, LNs researcher and director of iaifi < p > < p > in recent years, the enrollment of higher education in fields related to artificial intelligence, such as computer science, has increased rapidly, but the relevant talents have not been well treated. In June 2020, the trump Administration banned entry of workers holding certain types of visa, including highly skilled H-1B visa holders, of whom an estimated 35% have degrees in artificial intelligence. Therefore, this policy is regarded as Trump’s attempt to shift his attention from immigration to home. < / P > < p > it is reported that participants at the policy announcement meeting included the University of Chicago, Illinois State University, Harvard University, Cornell University, IBM, Intel, Lockheed Martin and Microsoft. IBM will contribute running time to its quantum computer; Microsoft will provide personnel and materials; and Illinois State University will build two buildings to accommodate a laboratory for quantum research, said Paul Daba, deputy secretary of science at the U.S. Department of energy. < / P > < p > in addition to the NSF investment, the US Department of energy will allocate US $625 million to create five quantum information science research centers. The trump administration said $300 million of the total will come from industry and academic institutions, while the rest will come from $1.2 billion designated for quantum research in mid-2018. < / P > < p > it is understood that after a two-step audit process, a consortium of 69 national laboratories, universities and companies will collaborate in 22 states of the United States, Italy and Canada. At a news conference, Michael coreticios, the U.S. National chief technology officer, said that “rivals” were pursuing the use of artificial intelligence and quantum technology that “did not conform to American values.”. Referring to the recent White House proposal on Quantum Internet, he said, “one of the key overarching ideas around us leadership is that we want to ensure that the United States succeeds in the next major technological breakthrough.” However, the advantages of the United States in artificial intelligence and quantum computing are becoming increasingly dim. The European Commission has pledged to increase investment in artificial intelligence from $565 million in 2017 to $1.69 billion at the end of 2020. < / P > < p > France recently launched a $1.69 billion program to transform the country into a “global leader” in artificial intelligence research and training. < / P > < p > in 2018, South Korea launched a multi-year, US $1.95 billion program to strengthen the research and development of artificial intelligence in the country. The goal is to establish six graduate schools focusing on artificial intelligence and train 5000 industry experts by 2022. < / P > < p > according to the Elsevier report, Europe leads the world in academic output related to artificial intelligence in 2019. It is required to establish 50 new AI institutions by 2020. If the current trend continues, China is expected to surpass the EU in the next four years. At the beginning of this month, in its budget proposal for fiscal year 2021, the trump government increased the budget for grants and research institutions related to artificial intelligence from the National Science Foundation of the United States to $830 million, and increased the investment in artificial intelligence research and development of the National Institute of standards and technology to $53 million. But as elections approach, that goal is becoming increasingly elusive. Science Discovery