NASA and SpaceX have embarked on a routine mission in which astronauts will travel from the United States to the international space station in a spacecraft as part of NASA’s commercial crew program. < / P > < p > the crew-1 mission of NASA and SpaceX is the first time that four astronauts have taken part in a commercial spacecraft to perform crew rotation, and this is the first time that an international partner has participated. NASA astronauts Michael Hopkins, Victor Glover, Shannon Walker and Koichi Noguchi of the Japan Aerospace Research and Development Agency) will travel to the space station on SpaceX’s Dragon spacecraft, propelled by the Falcon 9 rocket. < p > < p > < p > crew-1 astronauts named the spacecraft tenacity, emphasizing the dedication of the team involved in the mission. “I think we all agree that 2020 is a challenging year; global pandemics, economic difficulties, civil strife, isolation,” mission commander Mike Hopkins explained. The name “resilience” is an honor for SpaceX and the NASA team. ” < / P > < p > he further explained that the name was also a tribute to all those who had suffered but continued to carry out their mission. “Our families, our colleagues, our compatriots, our international partners, our leaders all showed the same characteristics in difficult times.” The < / P > < p > launch is scheduled for Saturday, October 31 at NASA’s 39A launch site at Kennedy Space Center in Florida. The crew will stay in the orbital laboratory for scientific research and maintenance. Four astronauts will return in the spring of 2021. The SpaceX “demo-2” test flight completed by NASA earlier this year is the last demonstration flight of the spacecraft dragon. NASA astronauts Robert beckon and Douglas Hurley conducted the test flight to verify SpaceX’s astronaut transportation system, including launch pad, rocket, spacecraft and operational capabilities. < / P > < p > Mike Hopkins and Victor Glover were assigned to the crew-1 mission in 2018 and began working and training on SpaceX’s next-generation astronaut spacecraft. Shannon Walker and Japanese astronaut tsuichi Noguchi joined the team earlier this year. < p > < p > Michael Hopkins is the commander of the Dragon spacecraft and crew-1 missions. He will be responsible for all phases of the flight, from launch to return. He will also board the space station as a flight engineer for expedition 64. In 2009, Hopkins was selected as a NASA astronaut. As a long-term member of expeditions 37 and 38, Hopkins spent 166 days in space and completed two spacewalks totaling 12 hours and 58 minutes. Hopkins was born in Lebanon, Missouri, and grew up on a farm outside Richland, Missouri. He has a bachelor’s degree in aerospace engineering from the University of Illinois and a master’s degree in aerospace engineering from Stanford University. Before joining NASA, Hopkins was a flight test engineer for the U.S. air force. Crew-1 NASA astronauts Shannon walker, Victor Glover, Mike Hopkins and Japanese astronaut tsuichi Noguchi < / P > < p > < p > Victor Glover is a member of the Dragon crew and deputy commander of the mission. Glover is responsible for spacecraft systems and performance. He will also work on the space station for a long time. In 2013, he was elected an astronaut, which will be his first space flight. The California native has a bachelor’s degree in general engineering, a master’s degree in flight test engineering, a master’s degree in systems engineering, and a master’s degree in Arts and Science in military operations. Glover is also a naval pilot and has been a test pilot for the F / A18 Hornet, Super Hornet and ea18g growler aircraft. < p > < p > Shannon walker is a mission specialist for crew-1. As a mission specialist, she will work closely with the commander and pilot to monitor the aircraft during the dynamic launch and reentry phases of the flight. She will also be responsible for monitoring time, telemetry and consumables such as fuel and atmospheric levels. Once in the space station, Shannon Walker will become a flight engineer for expedition 64. She was selected as an astronaut for NASA in 2004. She took the Russian Federation tma-19 spacecraft as co pilot to the international space station and spent 161 days in the orbital laboratory. During her stay, she carried out more than 130 microgravity experiments in the fields of human research, biology and material science. Shannon walker, a native of Houston, received a bachelor’s degree in physics from Rice University in 1987, a master’s degree and a doctor’s degree in space physics from Rice University in 1992 and 1993, respectively. < / P > < p > Koichi Noguchi will also serve as crew-1 mission expert to monitor flying ships, time lines, telemetry and consumables during the dynamic launch and re-entry phases of the flight. Koichi Noguchi will also become a permanent member of the international space station. In May 1996, he was selected as an astronaut candidate by Japan’s national space development agency. Noguchi is a veteran of two space flights. During the STS-114 space shuttle mission in 2005, Noguchi became the first Japanese astronaut to walk outside the space station. In this mission, he carried out a total of three spacewalks, with a total walking time of 20 hours and 5 minutes. In 2009, he returned to the space station on Soyuz as a long-term astronaut. The “dragon” spacecraft will be the third spaceship that Noguchi will take to the orbital laboratory. < / P > < p > < p > < p > the dragon will be launched from Launch Pad 39A by Falcon 9 rocket, and four passengers will be accelerated to about 17000 mph and placed on the interception route with the international space station. Once in orbit, the crew and SpaceX mission control center will monitor a series of automatic operations to guide the astronauts to their new home in orbit. After about a day in orbit, the astronauts will enter the docking site to rendezvous with the space station. The spacecraft is designed to dock automatically, and if necessary, astronauts can manually control and drive the spacecraft. After successful docking, crew-1 astronauts will be welcomed by NASA astronauts Kate Rubins, Sergei rizkov and Russian space agency astronaut Sergey KuD sverychkov. With the arrival of expedition 64, the number of astronauts on the space station will be expanded to seven for the first time. The crew-1 crew-1 crew-1 crew-1 crew-1 crew-1 crew-1 crew-1 crew-1 crew-1 crew-1 crew-1 crew-1 crew-1 crew-1 crew-1 crew-1 crew-1 crew-1 crew-1 crew-1 crew-1 crew-1 crew-1 crew-1 crew-1 crew-. They will carry out new and exciting scientific research in the fields of Botany, cancer and technology on the international space station. < p > < p > radish will grow in space. This demonstrative plant is rich in nutrients, grows rapidly, and is genetically similar to Arabidopsis, which is often studied under microgravity. The results can help optimize the growth of these plants in space and provide an assessment of their nutrition and taste. Scientists are using microgravity to test drugs based on messenger RNA to treat leukemia. A new toilet to be sent to the space station has many functions that can improve the current operation of the space toilet and help us prepare for future missions, including missions to the moon and Mars. < / P > < p > during the orbital laboratory, crew-1 astronauts will see a series of unmanned spacecraft, including Northrop Grumman’s Cygnus, SpaceX’s next-generation cargo dragon, and Boeing’s CST-100 starplane for unmanned flight tests to the space station. They will also carry out various spacewalks and welcome the crew of the Russian Soyuz spacecraft and SpaceX’s next dragon spacecraft in 2021. < / P > < p > at the end of the mission, the Dragon spacecraft will automatically lead four astronauts out of the space station and re-enter the earth’s atmosphere. On the Florida coast, astronauts will be picked up by SpaceX’s recovery ship at sea, and will board a plane ashore to return to the Johnson Space Center in Houston. The crew-1 mission is an important step in NASA’s commercial crew program. The long-running rotation of commercial personnel will enable NASA to continue the important research and technical surveys carried out on the space station. These studies will benefit people on earth and, starting with the agency’s Artemis moon program, lay the foundation for future lunar and Mars exploration, which will land the first woman and the second man on the surface of the moon in 2024. Continue Readinggather and watch! Huawei P40 Pro evaluation: excellent mobile phone photography elegant design, do you like it?