US $1 billion for AI and quantum computing! Build 12 research institutions, Amazon, Google, Intel

Yesterday, the White House announced that it would invest more than $1 billion to build 12 research and development institutions for artificial intelligence and quantum information science. Amazon, Google, Intel and many other private enterprises will also participate in the investment plan of the two studies. < / P > < p > according to the 2021 non defense budget recently proposed by the White House, the annual budget of the United States in AI and QIS is close to $2.2 billion, an increase of about 30% compared with the US $1.7 billion this year. According to the budget, the United States plans to invest about $1.5 billion in AI, up from $1.12 billion in 2020, and $699 million in QIS, up from $579 million in 2020. As early as February this year, the White House of the United States had publicly planned that, from 2020 to 2022, the annual expenditure of us AI will increase to more than US $2 billion and the annual expenditure of QIS will increase to US $860 million. Note: the full text of the White House is attached at the end of this paper. < / P > < p > seven AI research centers will be located in American universities. Each institute will provide $20 million in funding over five years, five of which will be supported by the National Science Foundation and two by the national food and Agriculture Institute of the U.S. Department of agriculture. < / P > < p > each AI center will focus on specific applications, for example, the University of Oklahoma in Norman will host the credible AI Institute for weather, climate and Coastal Oceanography. < / P > < p > overall, the US $140 million investment over the next five years is by far the most important federal investment in AI research and labor development in the United States. “NSF’s long history of investment in AI research and labor development paves the way for many of today’s breakthrough business technologies that penetrate and drive social development,” said sethuraman panchanthan, NSF’s director general “NSF invests more than $500 million a year in AI research. We will support and provide more support to the five AI Institutes of NSF in 2020, building hubs for academia, industry, and government to collaborate on major new discoveries and develop new capabilities to enhance U.S. competitiveness in AI for decades. ” < / P > < p > in addition to U.S. Department of agriculture (USDA) and other federal agency partners, NSF also works with Accenture, Amazon, Google and Intel to support institutions in the following eight areas: < / P > < p > the five quantum information science centers funded by the US Department of energy will focus on the development and testing platform of emerging quantum computers and establish essentially indecipherable quantum mutual QIS related fields such as networking technology, sensors for various applications. < / P > < p > according to the White House, in addition to the US Department of energy investing $625 million in the center, private partners and universities will also invest $300 million in the center. < p > < p > q-next-generation quantum science and Engineering Center: the leading unit is Argonne National Laboratory of the United States, which focuses on the research of quantum networks, plans to establish quantum standards and stimulate the practical commercialization of quantum technology. < p > < p > CQA quantum advantage collaborative design center: led by Brookhaven National Laboratory, USA, it focuses on overcoming the limitations of noisy intermediate quantum computer systems. Its five-year comprehensive goal is to improve software optimization, basic material and equipment performance and quantum error correction by 10 times respectively, and ensure that these improvements are combined to provide 1000 at the appropriate time The optimal calculation index is times. SQMS superconducting quantum materials and Systems Center: led by Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, the main task is to construct and deploy advanced quantum systems for computing and sensing. QSA quantum system accelerator: led by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, the main task is to jointly design algorithms, quantum devices and engineering solutions needed to provide certified quantum advantages in scientific applications. < / P > < p > QSC Quantum Science Center: the leading organization is Oak Ridge National Laboratory of the United States, which is committed to overcoming the key obstacles of quantum state elasticity, controllability and ultimately the scalability of quantum technology. By creating a rich professional development environment and close cooperation with the industry, the new QIS application will be transferred to the private sector to develop the next generation of QIS workforce. < / P > < p > in February 2020, the White House of the United States released an overview of the development of AI in the United States, and put forward a long-term vision for the US AI program. < / P > < p > the report highlights six key policies and practices of the United States in investing in AI R & D, releasing AI resources, removing obstacles to AI innovation, cultivating AI talent team, promoting an international environment to support U.S. AI innovation, and providing trustworthy AI for government services and tasks. Today, the AI research institute led by the National Science Foundation of the United States and the QIS Research Center led by the US Department of energy are expected to speed up the discovery and innovation of American AI and QIS research. < / P > < p > the trump administration is taking strong action to ensure U.S. leadership in future industries, including artificial intelligence, quantum information science, 5g communications, and other key emerging technologies that will affect our economy and security in the next few years. < p > < p > today, at the White House, the National Science Foundation and the Department of Energy announced the establishment of 12 new AI and QIS research and development institutions nationwide, with awards of more than $1 billion. < / P > < p > NSF’s AI research institute and DOE’s QIS research center will jointly serve as national R & D centers for these key industries in the future, promoting innovation, supporting regional economic growth and training our next generation of labor. The NSF and other federal partners will provide a total of US $140 million in funding to seven AI institutes led by NSF in five years. < / P > < p > research will be conducted at universities across the country, including the University of Norman Oklahoma, the University of Texas at Austin, the University of Colorado at Boulder, the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, the University of California at Davis, and the Massachusetts Institute of technology. The National Science Foundation of the United States is expected to give more awards to AI research institutes in the next few years. It is expected that by next summer, the total amount, including donations from partner organizations, will exceed $300 million. < / P > < p > the five centers will be led by the DOE national laboratory team at Argonne, Brookhaven, Fermi, Oak Ridge and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratories. < / P > < p > each QIS center will form a collaborative research team across multiple institutions and scientific and engineering disciplines. The private sector and academia will contribute another $300 million to these centres. < / P > < p > these centers will focus on a number of key QIS research topics, including quantum networks, sensing, computing and materials manufacturing. Through this crucial fundamental research and development, our country will lay a solid foundation for the future of QIS based business technology. < / P > < p > the establishment of these new national AI and QIS institutes will not only accelerate discovery and innovation, but also promote job creation and labor development. < / P > < p > NSF’s AI research institute and DOE’s QIS research center will place special emphasis on training, education, and outreach activities to help Americans of all backgrounds, ages, and skill levels participate in the U.S. economy in the 21st century. < / P > < p > What’s important is that these institutes embody the unique free market technological progress approach of the United States. Each institute brings together the federal government, industry, and academia to leverage the full power and expertise of the American innovation ecosystem to improve America. History has proved that the United States is a country of thinkers, actors and innovators. From creating the modern Internet to landing humans on the moon, the United States is the proud land of the largest technological breakthroughs known in the world. Emerging technologies such as AI and QIS will bring transformative benefits to Americans in healthcare, communications, manufacturing, agriculture, transportation, security, etc. < / P > < p > the $1 billion investment in AI and QIS research centers announced today is based on more than three years of action, reflecting the trump government’s commitment to continue to maintain its leading position in technology. The trump administration is ensuring the next cutting-edge innovation in the United States to ensure a healthier, safer and more prosperous life for the American people. Science Discovery