When the 2020 Mozi quantum award was announced, an award-winning scientist lamented that doing scientific research can not only get paid, but also be so interesting

Jiefang Daily · Shangguan news report: in the late night of December 10, Beijing time, the 2020 “Mozi quantum Award” was awarded to three scientists in the field of quantum precision measurement through video link, namely Carlton keves of the University of New Mexico in the United States, Xiujun xiangtakei of Tokyo University, and ye Jun of boulder University of Colorado in the United States For the scientific research of information technology, Chinese private entrepreneurs donated 100 million yuan to establish the Mozi quantum technology foundation. The “Mozi quantum Award” set up by the foundation is committed to creating an international academic award. Through extensive nominations and international expert review, the “Mozi quantum Award” strictly selects and honors international scientists who have made outstanding contributions in the fields of quantum communication, quantum simulation, quantum computing and quantum precision measurement. This is the Third Award. Each winner of the “Mozi quantum Award” will receive a prize of RMB 1.25 million and a gold medal. < / P > < p > what contributions have the three award-winning scientists made in the field of quantum precision measurement? Peter zoller, academician of the Austrian Academy of Sciences and member of the International Accreditation Committee of the Mozi quantum foundation, made a presentation. < p > < p > < p > < p >, and ye Jun have made breakthrough achievements in quantum precision measurement, especially in the development of extremely stable and accurate optical atomic clocks. “With optical atomic clocks, we can better measure time, which is a very important tool in quantum metrology, and its accuracy has reached the negative 19th power of 10. Optical atomic clocks can be applied to both satellite navigation systems and unmanned vehicles < / P > < p > if quantum metrology can establish more accurate measurement tools, will the quantum system be disturbed? Carlton keves has published relevant papers as early as the 1980s, and has made outstanding basic work in quantum precision measurement and quantum information theory. In particular, he has clarified the basic noise in the interferometer and its suppression in the compressed state. A year and a half ago, Carlton keves’s theory was used by the gravitational wave observatory for laser interference of gravitational waves, which can improve the accuracy of quantum interferometers. “Mozi is an ancient Chinese scientist who respects innovation. I don’t think I can surpass Mozi’s contribution.” Carlton keves said modestly. His son is a geologist, his daughter is a biologist, and his children’s spouses are scientists. “I didn’t ask my children to be scientists, but I am very satisfied now. They are not only my favorite people for scientific communication, but also my family.” < / P > < p > “in recent years, I have begun to think about how to apply the research we have done driven by curiosity to society, which is like starting a new journey, because it involves cooperation with the business community. I believe that the cycle from basic research to real-world research is very important. ” She said. < / P > < p > “when I was in primary school, I had been exposed to some theories of Mozi and benefited a lot. After I entered high school, I read Carlton keves’ paper. He influenced me like a hero, pushed me to pursue science, and contributed to my award today. ” Ye Jun said with a broad sense that scientific research is not only paid, but also so interesting. This is the beauty of scientific research. He felt very honored. < / P > < p > why was this year’s “Mozi quantum Award” awarded to the field of quantum precision measurement? “The first” Mozi quantum Award “focused on the field of quantum computing, and the second focused on quantum communication. In the third session, we realized the need to focus on emerging quantum technologies, and we quickly reached a consensus when the international selection committee discussed it. ” Pan Jianwei, academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and member of the international evaluation committee of Mozi quantum foundation, said. < / P > < p > “with quantum precision measurements, we can have a more accurate perception of space, and maybe build quantum computers.” Carlton keves said he was using his mobile phone to participate in Video Awards, which was unthinkable 40 years ago. “We’re not motivated by applications, we just want to explore the world, but because of our research, it will eventually be applied to reality.” “If you don’t think it’s important, how can you get up and do research every day?” Carlton keves said < / P > < p > “it is difficult to predict the specific application of quantum precision measurement in the next 20 or 50 years.” It’s like an optical atomic clock that can be applied to unmanned driving, which is beyond his imagination. He hopes that one day, quantum precision measurements can predict volcanic eruptions and earthquakes. < / P > < p > Ye Jun said that when doing research on optical atomic clocks, he always felt as if he was doing research on microscopes and telescopes at the same time. On the one hand, it is very micro and needs to understand the activities of atoms; on the other hand, it is also very macro, which can study the drift of continents and the melting of the north and south polar ice sheets. It’s like when Einstein was discussing the theory of relativity, he had two virtual clocks in his mind, one was the time when the train left the platform, and the other was the time of other continents. “Such a device will become a reality in the next 10 years.” Continue Reading865 optimization is different? These mobile phones should teach you a lesson!