Why does Hongmeng system have 80% Android level, but it can’t replace each other?

The U.S. sanctions against Huawei involve chip and operating system. In terms of operating system, Huawei also has its own “spare tire”, namely Hongmeng system. At the Huawei 2020 developer conference held on September 10, Huawei released the new version of Hongmeng 2.0, which was confirmed to be available on wearable devices, TVs and cars. However, the mobile phone of Hongmeng system, which has attracted much attention, has not appeared this time, and it is said that it will not come out until 2021 at the earliest. Yu Chengdong said Huawei’s mobile phone Hongmeng system has now reached 70-80% of the Android level and is improving every day, week and month. Before that, Samsung, HP, and blackberry all made operating systems, but all of them failed. Only Google’s Android system and Apple’s IOS are successful. It can be seen that the development of mobile phone operating system is a very difficult thing. < p > < p > take Samsung, a Korean electronics giant, as an example. Samsung proposed its software independence strategy many years ago, hoping that its mobile phones could use customized operating systems. In 2012, it launched a new system called tizen, which was led by Intel, Fujitsu, Huawei, NEC, KT, NTT DoCoMo, orange, Panasonic, SK, sprint and Vodafone. < / P > < p > Samsung integrated Bada, a smart phone platform it was developing at that time, into the tizen system, and thus launched the 1.0 version of the tizen system. The Bada operating system was launched in 2010, no later than Android. The popular samsung wave series smart phones run Bada system. < p > < p > the tizen system is also a replacement specially developed by Samsung in order to get rid of its dependence on Google, so as to prevent Google from falling into the awkward situation of no system available after Google abandons Android. It is an open source system based on Linux framework. According to the original assumption, developers can freely use, build and develop applications for it, just like the Android system now. However, in reality, the mobile phones in the tizen system are always lack of apps that can not support users’ programs widely, that is, apps written by third parties or users themselves. Due to the lack of application support, Samsung mobile phones loaded with the tizen system can not open the market. From 2012 to 2019, only five models were launched, and they were all entry-level mobile phones for India and other markets. < / P > < p > in 2014, with Android and IOS gaining absolute leadership in the smartphone market, tizen began to disintegrate. Soon Samsung also announced that the Z series equipped with tizen is only a way to sell low-end computers in the Indian market, and Samsung’s future high-end computers will still use Android system. < p > < p > after 2015, Samsung has basically abandoned the application of the tizen system in mobile phones, and instead used it in smart watches, smart TVs, media players, set-top boxes, and smart furniture, trying to take the lead in the direction of the Internet of things. < / P > < p > from the perspective of actual effect, the development of tizen in the field other than mobile phones is relatively smooth. At present, there are more than 20 application scenarios. In the smart watch market, it is second only to Apple’s watch OS and higher than Google’s wear OS. < / P > < p > when it comes to mobile phone operating system, there is another thing we can’t help mentioning is the BlackBerry and its operating system QNX, which was once famous for its encryption security. < p > < p > QNX system is a commercial embedded operating system similar to UNIX, which is widely used. In addition to BlackBerry’s mobile phone and tablet computer BlackBerry PlayBook, it can also control the music and media functions of Porsche sports cars, nuclear power plants and unmanned crusher tanks of the US Army. < p > < p > especially in the automotive field, QNX is one of the largest operating system suppliers. At present, more than 230 models and 150 million vehicles are equipped with QNX software in the world, accounting for 75% of the vehicle market share. The products are widely used in advanced driving assistance system, digital dashboard, interconnection module, hands-free system and infotainment system. The QNX system was originally developed by quantum software systems, an embedded system developer founded in 1980, and was acquired by Harman group for $138 million in cash in 2004. In April 2010, blackberry Canada acquired QNX software company from Harman group. The reason why BlackBerry acquired QNX was to use it to build an advanced mobile operating platform, but many attempts failed. Unexpectedly, after BlackBerry gave up its smartphone business in 2016, it successfully transformed itself into a software service company relying on QNX system, focusing on enterprise software service, QNX embedded software business and vehicle system. < p > < p > in 2016, when BlackBerry sold its smartphone business to TCL, the company lost more than $400 million annually. Since then, the company’s revenue from software and services business has been increasing, and the company has achieved a net profit of US $44 million by the second quarter of 2020. < / P > < p > we can see that no matter Samsung mobile phones, blackberry phones, or previous Nokia and Motorola mobile phones, they have been booming in the market by virtue of appearance, hardware configuration, processor, photo taking and other functions. However, they have not been successful in building mobile operating systems. They have failed to catch the pace of the mobile Internet era and build their own global mobile phone ecosystem. Samsung is still highly dependent on Android, while blackberry, Motorola and others have retired from the stage of history. < p > < p > back to Huawei’s Hongmeng system. In recent years, Huawei has been actively building its own ecosystem, and launched the first generation of “Hongmeng” in August 2019. After being blacklisted by the United States in 2019, Huawei accelerated the development of its own Hongmeng system. < p > < p > according to Yu Chengdong, head of Huawei’s terminal, the company has invested over 100 million yuan in Hongmeng system, which has reached 70% to 80% of Android’s level, and is constantly improving the system experience. Huawei has also applied for several trademarks related to Hongmeng operating system, including Huawei harmonyos, harmonyos connected, harmonyos linked, etc. < / P > < p > with the continuous upgrade of ban orders in the United States, the development of mobile phone Hongmeng system has become more urgent, because Huawei’s existing mobile phone users may not be able to update the Google play app store, Google maps and other products provided by Google mobile services in the future, which will seriously affect customers’ willingness to purchase Huawei’s new mobile phones. However, the development of Hongmeng system is far more difficult than people imagine. When Hongmeng 1.0 was launched, Huawei admitted that its own operating system was far from being able to replace Google’s android app. It may take several years to develop relevant alternative products. Many Android users in Europe and Southeast Asia have been used to those google apps on Android phones. There are too few available apps based on Hongmeng ecology, which will seriously affect the user’s experience and acceptance. < p > < p > in August 2019, Huawei will fully open up 12 areas of Huawei mobile services, such as positioning, mapping, analysis and advertising, to developers. According to the latest data, the number of registered developers of Huawei HMS has reached 1.6 million, and more than 80000 apps have integrated HMS core. However, HMS developers only account for about 10% of the global developers, and the number of 80000 applications is far behind Google’s 2.8 million, which is far from being able to replace Android. Zhou Hongyi, chairman of 360 group, once pointed out that the reason why Google’s Android system can become the world’s first mobile operating system and achieve a win-win situation in the ecosystem and market channels is mainly due to the popularity of the majority of mobile phone manufacturers and developers by virtue of the two characteristics of open source and free of charge. < / P > < p > he suggested that Huawei follow the open source model of Android system and quickly establish a perfect ecosystem for Hongmeng system in a short time, so as to avoid the failure of Hongmeng system due to the failure to establish an ecosystem. However, in the view of many analysts, Huawei is unlikely to adopt Zhou Hongyi’s opinion and implement the open source model. Considering that the Hisilicon chip developed by Huawei is for its own use only, Huawei regards it as one of its core competitiveness and strategic products. Therefore, Hongmeng system is likely to play the same role and will not open to the outside world. < / P > < p > in a word, due to the great difficulty in the development of mobile phone Hongmeng system, it will not be able to meet users for a while. As for when to replace Android system, it is even more difficult to give an answer. Under the dual pressure of chip and operating system, Huawei’s mobile phone business may experience a long winter. Privacy Policy